War in North Africa WW II

general discussion points related to gaming, painting and modelling in this period
Post Reply
nevermore
Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
Posts: 764
Joined: Wed Jun 22, 2011 9:24 am
Contact:

War in North Africa WW II

Post by nevermore » Tue Mar 31, 2015 2:45 pm

War in North Africa WW II

Grimsby Wargames presents - War in North Africa WW II, 59 photos uploaded of the campaign in the gallery in total, enjoy.

http://www.victorian-steel.com/

Image
image upload no registration

The war in Africa was to play a key role in the overall success of the Allies in World War Two. Within the Africa scenario, In the initial stages of World War Two, the Allies did not do well. The Battle of Britain gave British people hope after the despair of Dunkirk, but the first real 'taste' of success was to come in Africa with Montgomery's victory over Rommel's Afrika Korps.

Image
free image host

Image
image hosting 12mb

The British Army was in Egypt to protect the Suez Canal. The use of this canal allowed a vast amount of time to be cut for journeys taken from Europe to the Far East. If Britain controlled the Suez then Nazi Germany and the other Axis powers could not use it.

Image
host images

Image
image upload

Also if the Allies could build up bases in North Africa there was always the potential to launch an attack on what Churchill called the "soft underbelly of Europe" - Italy or Yugoslavia. Hitler also feared this.

Image
how to screenshot on windows

Image
how to take a screen shot

By 1941, the Italian army had been all but beaten and Hitler had to send German troops to North Africa to clear out Allied troops. The German force was lead by Erwin Rommel - one of the finest generals of the war.

Image
image hosting 10mb limit

In March 1941, Rommel attacked the Allies in Libya. By May 1941, they had been pushed back into Egypt and only Tobruk held out against the "Desert Fox".

Image
image url upload

Image
image upload no limit

In June 1941, General Wavell started "Operation Battleaxe" to help Tobruk. It failed as the Allied force was simply too small to defeat the Afrika Korps. Churchill sacked Wavell and replaced him with General Claude Auchinleck. He planned an attack on Rommel for November 1941 with the same aspiration of helping Tobruk. The attack succeeded and Rommel was forced into a retreat.

Image
free image host

By January 1942, Rommel had re-organised his forces and hit back - with success. He was stopped when he reached Gazala. Rommel's skill was fighting with the - minimum. Germany at this time had soldiers on three fronts - France, Russia and North Africa. The German army was spread over a vast area and 2\3rds of the army was based in Russia with a proportionate amount of equipment including vital oil supplies.

In May 1942, Rommel began a new attack. He was later to comment that although the British forces had more weaponry than him, they used such equipment in a poor way - "bit by bit"

In June 1942, Tobruk fell. 35,000 Allied troops were taken prisoner. This was more men than Rommel had at his disposal.

Auchinleck retreated to El Alamein and in July 1942 the first battle took place. Rommel's attack faltered only because he ran out of supplies especially fuel. German supply routes were being hindered by newly formed special forces units - the SAS and Long Range Desert Group. Both these forces did great damage to Rommel's supply lines and played a major part in halting Rommel's advance. Despite success, Auchinleck was sacked and replaced by 2 generals. General Alexander was put in overall command and Bernard Montgomery was put in charge of the Eighth Army (the Desert Rats). `Monty` took time to consolidate his forces and by October 1942 he had 230,000 men and 1400 tanks whereas Rommel had 80,000 men and 500 tanks.
Post Reply